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To generate HTML/XHTML, you indicate the alias "html" or "basichtml" to the getResponse() method in your controller's action. Then you retrieve respectively an instance of jResponseHtml or jResponseBasicHtml. Here is an example:


   $resp = $this->getResponse('html')

HTML5 ou HTML4

Since Jelix 1.5, jResponseHtml generates an HTML5 header instead of an HTML4 header. However, you may want to have HTML4 as in previous versions. You should then use the class jResponseHtml4.

So, if you have a personnalized response (this is the case by default in new applications), you should inherit from jResponseHtml4 instead of jResponseHtml:


require_once (JELIX_LIB_CORE_PATH.'response/jResponseHtml4.class.php');

class myHtmlResponse extends jResponseHtml4 {

}

Note: jResponseHtml4 inherits from jResponseHtml, so, in following parts of the manual, all features described for jResponseHtml are available for jResponseHtml4.

XTHML or HTML

jResponseHtml and jResponseHtml4 classes have an XHTML mode. Anyway, as in all previous jelix versions ( <= 1.4), jResponseHtml4 generates XHTML headers.

The setXhtmlOutput() of this classes allows to generate the right DOCTYPE and HTTP headers according to your preferences:


// jResponseHtml
$rep->setXhtmlOutput(true);  // XHTML 5
$rep->setXhtmlOutput(false); // HTML 5 (par défaut)

// jResponseHtml4
$rep->setXhtmlOutput(true);  // XHTML 1.0 (par défaut)
$rep->setXhtmlOutput(false); // HTML 4

// Fetch the setting value :
$outputXhtml = $this->isXhtml();

Going further, you can specify your own DOCTYPE by overloading outputDocType() (using jResponseHtml, not jResponseBasicHtml). This method should echo a valid DOCTYPE.

The XHTML mode is also available with jResponseBasicHtml, but it will influence only HTTP headers. You should modify your template to indicate the right doctype.

Returning the content of a static page

jResponseBasicHtml allows to return simply a static page stored in a file. This file should be a simple PHP file, and not a template for jTpl. It should contain all the HTML code of a page, and three instructions to display these variables:

  • $HEADTOP : after the opening tag <head>
  • $HEADBOTTOM : before the end tag </head>
  • $BODYTOP : after the opening tag <body>
  • $BODYBOTTOM : before the end tag </body>

These variables contain HTML code given by the call of methods addHeadContent() and addContent() of the object jResponseBasicHtml. These calls may be made by some components like controllers, classes, plugins... So you really should include these instructions.

There is also an other variable, $BASEPATH (since Jelix 1.4.1), containing the base path of the application, and that could be useful for your style sheets or other static resources.

Here is an example of a such static file:


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en_US">
  <head>
     <?php echo $HEADTOP; ?>
     <meta content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" http-equiv="content-type"/>
      <title>Hello From Jelix !</title>
      <link type="text/css" href="<?php echo $BASEPATH; ?>mystyles.css" rel="stylesheet" />
      <?php echo $HEADBOTTOM; ?>
  </head>
  <body>
      <?php echo $BODYTOP; ?>
     <h1>Hello YOU !</h1>
     <p>This is a sample html page generated by Jelix</p>
      <?php echo $BODYBOTTOM; ?>
  </body>
</html>

In your controller, you must indicate where can jResponseBasicHtml find this file, by giving its full path in the property $htmlFile. Note that the object jCoordinator owns a method allowing to retrieve the path of a module. So it is easy to give the path of a file stored in a module.


   $rep = $this->getResponse('basichtml');
   $rep->htmlFile = jApp::coord()->getModulePath('unModule'). 'static/hello.php';

Generating dynamic contents

To return dynamic content, you have to use the class jResponseHtml, corresponding to the response type "html". This class implements additionnal methods and properties to manipulate the HTML/XHTML content. So it is more flexible for all consumers components (zones, templates, controllers..).

The source of an HTML page is split into two parts: the <head> part, and the <body> part.

jResponseHTML generates itself the content of the <head> element, from data you give to the jResponseHTML via its dedicated methods. However, you are responsible of the generation of the content of the <body> element. Let's see all of these things.

Generating (X)HTML headers

jResponseHtml provides features to change document's title, favicon, links to style sheets or JS scripts, meta tags...

Features tour:



$resp->title = 'Document Title';

// generate a script tag
$resp->addJSLink( '/lib.js' );

// generate a script tag with inline code :
$resp->addJSCode( 'alert( "Hello world" ) )' );

// generate a <link>
$resp->addCSSLink('/style.css');

// generate a <style>
$resp->addStyle('span', 'font-weight:bold;');

// Add a description meta tag:
$resp->addMetaDescription( 'description' );

// Add a keywords meta tag:
$resp->addMetaKeywords( 'jelix php framework' );

// Add the author:
$resp->addMetaAuthor('Laurent');

// change the meta generator name
$resp->addMetaGenerator('My Super App 1.0');

If you want to add custom content in the <head> element, use addHeadContent():


$resp->addHeadContent('<link rel="alternate" type="application/rss+xml" title="Recent Changes" href="/feed.php" />')

It happens to require removal of parts of the generated headers (if you refuse to take the hand on third-party-module). You should use method clearHtmlHeader() for this:


// remove links to stylesheets done with addCSSLink(), and style tags from addStyle()
$resp->clearHtmlHeader( array( 'CSSLink', 'Styles' ) );

Acceptable array values are strings 'CSSLink', 'Styles', 'JSLink', 'JSCode', 'Other'.

Generate (X)HTML body

jResponseHtml generates the (X)HTML <body> tag, but you must control its contents and attributes.

To control its attributes:


$resp->bodyTagAttributes = array( 'onload'=>'bodyonload( )',
                                   'class'=>'maincontent');

Control its contents with either:

  • a template
  • method addContent( )

Using a template

jResponseHtml provides a couple of properties:

  • $bodyTpl, which value should be the template selector;
  • body, which contains a jTpl instance allowing control over template "settings".

For example :


$resp->bodyTpl = 'myapp~main';
$resp->body->assign( 'person','Guybrush Treepwood');

Contents generated by the template engine will be integrated in the (X)HTML body tags automatically.

To know more about templates, read chapter about templates.

It happens to require appending some arbitrary contents in addition to the (X)HTML body code generated with method addContent():

  • first argument is the string value to append to the (X)HTML body contents,
  • second argument is a bool about the order :
    • true if the first argument's string value should be placed before the template
    • false if it should be placed after the template.

Note that it's set to false by default.

Example:


$resp->addContent( 'This text will be placed after the template' );
$resp->addContent( 'This text will be placed before the template', true);

It's possible to use this method to append contents from "zones", for example:


$resp->addContent( jZone::get( 'aModule~aZone'));

Using a main template and some "sub-templates"

We often have a common template for all pages, and only few things change inside this common template, depending of the page. So you will have a first template for the common things, and all pages will define an other "sub-template" to generate specific things for the page. The result of this sub-template will be inserted into the main template.

You can do this work directly into all your controllers, with zones.

But there is a more convenient way to do it: you can define an object which inherits from jResponseHtml. In this object, you will define all common things. And then you declare this object as the default HTML view for all your actions.

Read the section: how to create a custom common response.

Not using templates

Let bodyTpl empty if you don't want to use a template for the (X)HTML body of the response, and use addContents() as described in the previous paragraph of the documentation.


$rep->addContent('<p>content for my body</p>');

Adding CSS style sheets, javascript files, images...

You probably saw above an example about the use of addJSLink() and addCSSLink(). These methods allow you to link some CSS style sheets and javascript files to your HTML page.

addJSLink() and addCSSLink() accept as first argument the URL of a JS file or CSS file. Since most of URL of your application are "virtual" (the URL of "actions" do not corresponds to a static file), you cannot indicate an URL for your CSS/JS files, relative to the URL page (except if you really know what you do, but it will not be very easy). You should then indicate an absolute URL (most of time without the domain name).

Your CSS/JS files can be stored into the www/ directory of your application or in the www/ directory of a module.

If it is stored into the www/ directory of your application, and if this directory in the "documentRoot" of the application, then just indicate its path with a leading /. For instance, if you want to link to yourapp/www/css/mystyles.css, then you should do:


  $resp->addCSSLink('/css/mystyles.css');

However, if www/ is not the document root, or if your module is supposed to be used by other applications, or if the application can be installed in some different configuration, it is better to add the "base path" of the web site:


  $resp->addCSSLink(jApp::config()->urlengine['basepath'].'css/mystyles.css');

If you want a link to a CSS/JS file of the lib/jelix-www/ directory, you can use the jelixWWWPath property:


  $resp->addJSLink(jApp::config()->urlengine['jelixWWWPath'].'js/tooltip.js');

If the CSS/JS file is stored into a module, then you should use addJSLinkModule() or addCSSLinkModule(). Arguments to these methods are the module name, the path of the resource inside the www/ directory of the module.

For example, if you want a link to the file mymodule/www/css/mystyles.css:


  $resp->addCSSLinkModule('mymodule', 'css/mystyles.css');

Note that addCSSLink(), addJSLink(), addJSLinkModule() and addCSSLinkModule() can use an associative array argument specifying custom (X)HTML tag properties, for example:


$resp->addCSSLink( 
    '/stylesheet.css', 
    array( 
        'title' => 'blue design',
        'rel'   => 'alternate stylesheet',
    )
);

All previous example about the retrieval of URLs of CSS files, work with JS files, images files and any other ressources stored into the www/ directory of an application, a module or into the jelix-www directory.

You can also use same principle directly in a template:


  {* in the www/ of the application *}
  {meta_html css '/css/mystyles.css'}
  {meta_html css $j_basepath.'css/mystyles.css'}
  
  {* in the jelix-www/ *}
  {meta_html js  $j_jelixwww.'js/tooltip.js'}

  {* in the www/ of a module *}
  {meta_htmlmodule css 'mymodule', 'css/mystyles.css'}

  {* link to an image into myapp/mymodule/www/img/mypicture.png *}  
  <img src="{jurl 'jelix~www:getfile', array('targetmodule=>'mymodule', 'file'=>'img/mypicture.png')}" />

See chapter about templates to know more about these features.

Other response parameters

It's possible to control HTTP headers since jResponseHtml and jResponseBasicHtml inherit from jResponse, for the status code as well as for miscellaneous properties.


$resp->setHttpStatus( '404', 'Not Found' );
$resp->addHttpHeader( 'Date-modified', '...' );

If jResponseHtml's property $xhtmlContentType is true: HTTP response's "Content-Type" will be application/xhtml+xml. Note that the client-browser must support xHTML, or Content-Type text/html is sent.


$resp->xhtmlContentType = true ;

Using plugins

jResponseHtml and jResponseBasicHtml have a plugin system. These plugins allow to add content or modify the response content automatically, on all HTML pages generated with these classes. Thus there is such plugins to show a debug bar, or to "minify" css style sheets or javascript files.

These plugins have the plugin type "htmlresponse", so they have to be stored in a htmlresponse/ directory inside a plugins repository. To activate them, you need to specify their name in the option plugins in the section jResponseHtml of the main configuration. Example:


[jResponseHtml]
plugins = debugbar, minify

Minifying css and javascript files

Jelix provides Minify, which allow to concatenate and minify CSS and JS files. It improves performance during the load of the page.

To activate the plugin "minify", put its name into the plugins option as indicated in the previous section. You have then some configuration options.


[jResponseHtml]

;concatenate and minify CSS and/or JS files :
minifyCSS = off # [on|off] : concatenate/minify CSS files
minifyJS = off # [on|off] : concatenate/minify JS files

; list of filenames (no path) which shouldn't be minified - coma separated :
minifyExcludeCSS = "file1.css,file2.css"
minifyExcludeJS = "jelix/wymeditor/jquery.wymeditor.js"

; bootstrap file for Minify. indicate a relative path to the basePath.
minifyEntryPoint = minify.php

First, with minifyCSS and minifyJS you activate the "minification". You can indicate files to NOT minify in minifyExcludeCSS and minifyExcludeJS. Keep the file name jelix/wymeditor/jquery.wymeditor.js in minifyExcludeJS. Wymeditor doesn't like to be concatenated with other files.

Indicated path should be

  • relative to the base path of the application (without a leading /)
  • or relative to the domain name (with a leading /)

Don't indicate full URL (with http://...), they are automatically excluded.

Second, you have to install a script minify.php in www/. Simply copy the file lib/jelix-scripts/templates/www/minify.php.tpl into votre_appli/www/minify.php. There are some options in this file you can set to configure Minify (read the documentation of Minify). If you want to choose an other name for this script, indicate its name into the option minifyEntryPoint.

; list of filenames (no path) which shouldn't be minified - coma separated :

minifyExcludeCSS = "file1.css,file2.css"

-minifyExcludeJS = "jquery.wymeditor.js"

+minifyExcludeJS = "jelix/wymeditor/jquery.wymeditor.js"

; bootstrap file for Minify. indicate a relative path to the basePath.

minifyEntryPoint = minify.php

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